Abuse and Cutting, Part 2

Alternatives to self-harm: sensory and emotional substitutes, Author MissLunaRose12 (CC BY-SA 4.0 International)

We continue our examination of the relationship between child abuse and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) or cutting.  Up to 79% of those who self-injure report having experienced child abuse [1A].

Intervention/Treatment

Because NSSI tends to be a compulsive behavior, professional help is important [2].

  • Adults engaged in cutting should be urged to seek medical and mental health treatment [3A].  Accusations and threats should not, however, be used.
  • Young children can initially be assessed by a pediatrician [3B].  Tweens and teens should be encouraged to confide in a parent or trusted adult (a teacher, school counselor, or the like) [3C].

Treatment must be individualized to the patient.

It is essential that the abuse which gave rise to the cutting be addressed [4A].  Emotional abuse and neglect are not always obvious, since they do not lead to physical bruising.  Medical professionals working with children must be aware of this.

Alternatives

The person engaged in self-harm – whether child, tween, teen, or adult – must learn healthier coping strategies for stress management [3D].

There are alternatives to cutting [5].  Sensory substitutes include applying an ice cube to the skin, snapping a rubber band on the wrist, intense exercise, cold showers, and listening to loud music.  Emotional substitutes include writing on the skin, journaling, creating a unique playlist, and dancing.

Prevention

Preventive measures include parental training and supervision [4B].  The presence of an empathetic caregiver can aid the child, tween, or teen in better understanding his/her life experiences [1B].

If a supportive family is not available, a supportive social network may buffer children against the potential impact of abuse.   A formal support group (in person or virtual) can, also, be helpful [3E].

Since many who self-injure feel lonely and disconnected, improving communication skills can be beneficial [3F].

Biblical Perspective

Wait on the Lord; Be of good courage, And He shall strengthen your heart; Wait, I say, on the Lord!” (Ps. 27: 14).

What adults know that children do not is that things can get better.  The Bible instructs us to trust God and wait on Him.  We can take our worries, sorrow, anger, and frustration to Him.  God never abandons us.  Nor does He condemn us, if we repent our actions.

That makes cutting unnecessary.

[1A and 1B]  Cornell Research Program on Self-Injury and Recovery, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research (BCTR), Cornell University, “The relationship between self-injury and child maltreatment” by Margaret Fleming and Lauren Aronson, http://www.selfinjury.bctr.cornell.edu/perch/resources/the-relationship-between-self-injury-and-child-maltreatmentfinal-1.pdf.

[2]  U Lifeline, “Cutting”, 2020, http://www.ulifeline.org/topics/135-cutting.

[3A through 3F]  Mayo Clinic, “Self-injury/cutting”, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/self-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350950 and https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/self-injury/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350956.

[4A through 4B]  BMC Psychiatry, “The impact of child maltreatment on non-suicidal self-injury:  data from a representative sample of the general population” by Rebecca Brown et al, 6/8/18, https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-018-1754-3.

[5]  Focus on the Family, “Truth from the Bible for Cutters:  When Feelings ofr Self-Harm Are Strong” by Joannie Debrito PhD, 1/1/19, https://www.focusonthefamily.com/parenting/truth-from-the-bible-for-cutters-when-feelings-for-self-harm-are-strong/.

The signs of NSSI were discussed in Part 1 of this series.

FOR MORE OF MY ARTICLES ON POVERTY, POLITICS, AND MATTERS OF CONSCIENCE CHECK OUT MY BLOG A LAWYER’S PRAYERS AT: https://alawyersprayers.com

5 Comments

Filed under Child Abuse, Child Molestation, Emotional Abuse, Neglect, Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse

5 responses to “Abuse and Cutting, Part 2

  1. I have a habit of itching my skin cause I have had skin allergy issues and my nerves still think it’s true. Retring to retrain my nerves..hard.

  2. Francisco Bravo Cabrera

    Very interesting,and very informative. An outstanding post that I am sure can shed light on this issue, which I know baffles many, and which is so indicative of other underlying problems that can be much more dangerous. Thank you Anna.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.